The document format supports printing of
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1. People who enjoy science, especially
2. People who teach physics, especially at
the highschool and college level.
3. People who want our society to
progress, and who want to eliminate blindspots and misconceptions.
Not mentioned in the article:
There is also a diffuse Far Ultraviolet (FUV) background:
“the source of a substantial fraction of the FUV background radiation
remains a mystery. The radiation is remarkably uniform at both far
northern and far southern Galactic latitudes…” See “The Mystery of the
Cosmic Diffuse Ultraviolet Background Radiation”, Richard Conn Henry,
Jayant Murthy, James Overduin, Joshua Tyler (2014)
Another thought about a two-in-one (local + non-local) Universe:
“What we know as the universe could actually be just one of a pair that
exists in the same space but at different times.” (Science News, July
25, 2015, p. 17 “Times Arrow”.)
"Although the theories cannot answer what happens atc,
the scientists suspect that an object crossing the "light barrier" may
have some very interesting consequences. They compare our current
understanding of this boundary to that of an object crossing the sound
barrier for the first time, an event that was highly disputed before it
was achieved in 1947.
wondered what would happen," Hill said. "Were we all going to
disintegrate? Would the plane fall apart? It turns out passing through
the speed of sound led to a big bang. I suspect going through the speed
of light will be more interesting. I have a feeling the world will
change in some dramatic way as we move through the speed oflight. All sorts of things could happen. Time and space could interchange."
world we experience possesses all the qualities of locality. We have a
strong sense of place and of the relations among places. . . . And yet
multiple branches of physics now suggest that, at a deeper level, there
may be no such thing as place and no such thing as distance. Physics
experiments can bind the fate of two particles together so that they
behave like a pair of magic coins. . . . They act in a coordinated way
even though no force passes through the space between them. Those
particles might zip off to opposite sides of the universe, and still
they act in unison. The particles violate locality—they transcend space."
for Gravitational Waves Associated with Gamma-Ray Bursts During the
First Advanced LIGO Observing Run and Implications for the Origin of
"We present the
results of the search for gravitational waves (GWs) associated with
γ-ray bursts detected during the first observing run of the Advanced
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). We find no
evidence of a GW signal for any of the 41 γ-ray bursts for which LIGO
data are available with sufficient duration." https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.07947
propagated at the speed of light instead of instantaneously, the
effects on orbits of satelites and solar system planets would be very
obvious. However, these are relatively small systems.
Instead of a solar system, consider the effects on something the
size of a galaxy:
We know, the
solar system and other stars are orbiting around the center of the
Milky Way and the radius of the Milky Way is larger than 5☓104 light-year. . . . But, we know, the Milky Way is moving with a speed on the level of 5☓102km/s. Therefore, the distance between the retarded position and present position of the center of the Milky way is . . . 25 light-year. And, a galaxy is usually older than . . . 1☓1010 years . . . . The distance between the retarded and present positions of this center should become larger than 5 x 106
ly. In this case, a spiral galaxy could not maintain with the form of a
disc. Instead, it was a very long strip along the direction of the
galaxy moving. However, no galaxy has become such a long strip one.
("The speed of gravit;y: An observation on galaxy motions
", Yin Zhu (September 2016) DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30917.45287
Mass can store (absorb) energy and momentum, but the reverse is not true.
Mass has the dimensions of t3/s3 . Momentum has the dimensions of t2/s2 . Energy is t1/s1
Logicallly then, mass has enough dimensional freedom to absorb (or
store) a massless particle (having only momentum) and it could also
absorb a photon of energy. But the reverse is not true. Photons cannot
store mass, nor can massless particles store mass. Massless
particles, like the neutrino, however, can acquire more energy (as in
paper "Beyond Einstein: non-local physics" indicates that
approximately half of our potential physics knowledge, the non-local portion,
is missing. So far, we have only the non-local physics of quantum mechanics
("physics of unit space") which has a limited (but important) scope.
The non-local "physics of unit speed" has been completely ignored, as
has the important role played by other unit quantity boundaries. It now seems
possible to combine the local and non-local descriptions into ONE seamless physical
theory based on nothing more than space and time relationships (mass and charge
would be derived concepts).
would be a huge undertaking. Currently there is nothing in mainstream science
or mainstream publications that even hints of serious interest in this
direction. Engineerable technology has been admirably well developed but the
science--the basic understanding of how the Universe truly works--is still way
off in the weeds. After 100 years we are still arguing about Special and
General Relativity, and even something as simple and basic as gravity is still
enigmatic at its roots.
problem is mathematical representation of physical phenomena. It is highly
desirable to have seamless mathematics for a seamless physical theory. The
mathematical framework must comfortably and naturally handle some rather
strange and thoroughly unfamiliar (but still accessible) concepts:
1. It must accommodate an absolute
reference system based on centerless expansion of fundamental discrete unit
space/time and time/space (i.e., motion and its inverse) and its relationship
to a differential (relative) reference system such as the one in common use. It
must comfortably accommodate motion with direction, motion with no direction
(scalar motion), direction with no motion (intrinsic rotation), and a
fundamentally stationary photon; (See #DiagramSpeedsInGravBoundRef ;In Search of the Geometry of Space, Time and
of this could be handled by the various specialized, piecemeal mathematical
systems commonly taught at the college level, but there seems to be a better
choice: Geometric algebra:
"Geometric algebra and its extension
to geometric calculus unify, simplify, and generalize vast areas of mathematics
involving geometric ideas, including linear algebra, vector calculus, exterior
algebra and calculus, tensor algebra and calculus, quaternions, real analysis,
complex analysis, and euclidean, noneuclidean, and projective geometries. They
provide a common mathematical language for many areas of physics (classical and
quantum mechanics, electrodynamics, special and general relativity) computer
science . . . and other fields." (Linear
and Geometric Algebra, Alan MacDonald (2010) Preface )
of this could keep an army of scientists, mathematicians, and engineers busy
for 100 years. It is the scientific equivalent of "fill the Earth and
subdue it" or staffing a newly discovered planet.
are the things of God, and God will give us assistance just for the asking:
cry come to me, and I will give you an answer, and let you see great things and
secret things of which you had no knowledge.”(Bible in Basic English,
Let the asking begin!
"Though your beginning was insignificant, Yet your end will increase greatly. Job 8:7, NASB
"the ant" has "no chief, officer, or ruler" (Proverbs 6:6-7, NASB So, get to work!